The force of Friction
Friction is generally defined as the "force that opposes" motion.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES FRICTION FORCES THAT MAY BE ACTING ON THE OBJECT.
When the motion of an object is analyzed, one must take into consideration that
- Static friction:
i) Before the object starts to move
ii) While the object is moving
In our laboratory experiments we also found that friction depends on several factors:
The weight of the object i.e. the force of gravity Where:: Fg = m x g - Therefore, we can say that indirectly friction depends on mass
Friction also depends on the type of surface
i.e. Friction was higher on rough surfaces (sand paper vs. plastic)
Surfaces ca be classified according to their degree of roughness. This indcator is called the Coefficient of Friction
The higher the Coefficient of friction, the rougher the surface .: the higher the friction force. Therefore:
For our purposes we will use the equation
Note: The force of friction dose not depend on surface Area.
A 200 Kg wood crate loaded with bricks is pulled along a rubber floor. The coefficient of friction is 0.38. How much force is needed to move the crate?
Given: m = 200 Kg
g = 9.8 m / s2
u = 0.35
Solution: Ff = µ m g
= ( 0.35) (200 Kg) ( 9.8 m / s2)
= 686 Kg m (s2) = 686 (N)
.: The minimum force required to get the crate moving is 686N